Brownie Ford was a Louisiana cowboy musician with an extensive repertoire of cowboy songs, frontier ballads, sentimental parlor ditties, and early country and western songs.
Thomas “Brownie” Ford was a Native American cowboy singer and storyteller who performed in medicine shows and on the rodeo circuit. Ford worked a variety of jobs in Oklahoma, Texas, and Louisiana, eventually settling in the latter, where he raised cattle. Half Anglo-American and half Comanche, Ford’s music and stories drew on elements of elements of each culture. A 1980 performance at the Louisiana Folklife Festival led to a number of public appearances, particularly in schools around the state. In 1985 and 1986, Ford performed and demonstrated crafts at the Smithsonian Institution’s Festival of American Folklife. Two years later, the National Endowment for the Arts honored him with a National Heritage Fellowship. His music can be heard on the CD Brownie Ford: Lifelines of a Cowboy and the album Stories from Mountains, Swamps and Honky-Tonks.
Thomas Edison Ford was born January 9, 1904, in the Indian territory near Gum Springs in the Oklahoma Territory. His father worked in a sawmill, and as a child Ford spent most of his time with an uncle, who ran “a kind of depot for the horse trade.” When Ford was eight years old, his uncle started buying steers and bringing the boy with him on cattle drives and overland rides. At night, Ford said, “folks played games and music” to entertain themselves; he recalls listening to fiddle and guitar and watching people dance in the yard. In time, Ford was playing guitar himself and, though he never mastered the instrument, he was able to accompany his own singing. He said, “Started was really as far as I got. I can barely thump along enough to keep up.”
Ford began breaking horses when he was around eleven. A year later he joined Indian Joe Keith’s Wild West Show, a spin-off from Buffalo Bill’s Wild West Show. He worked as a bronco rider for the show while it toured during the summer. For a short time, he also traveled with the M. L. Clark and Sons Great Combined Wagon Show. In the off-season, he cared for the animals.
For much of his life he crisscrossed the United States, working as a rodeo rider, ranch hand, horse trainer, construction worker, timber hauler, truck driver, oil field roughneck, and musician. Ford never really thought of himself as a professional musician until, he said, “a rodeo promoter in Oklahoma heard me and this old boy playin’ out in the parking lot, and he had us come up and play a few on the judging platform. Paid us $5 apiece, big money back then.”
Ford moved to Hebert in northeastern Louisiana in 1972, hoping to succeed in the cattle business. He went broke three times and liked to joke that the “real smart cattlemen are the ones who have oil derricks for the cows to scratch their backs on.” In his later years, Ford repaired saddles, made an occasional bridle or piece of horse tack, crafted hide-bottomed chairs by hand, and told stories and sang songs for his friends and neighbors. “Miss Cody,” his wife of many years, ran a small grocery store in front of their home on the shores of Lake Lafourche.
Ford was an exemplar of the southeastern Texas and southwestern Louisiana “woods” cowboy. The terrain where he lived is unique—grassy hummocks over swampland. He sometimes had to wear his spurs over rubber boots when his neighbors asked him to lend a hand. He maintained, “Hell, anybody can punch cows on dry land; you might call what we do down here high-water herding.”
Witty, a gifted raconteur and talented singer, Ford had a deep, resonant voice and an extensive repertoire of cowboy songs, frontier ballads, sentimental parlor ditties (many of which dated back to the 1880s and 1890s), and early country and western tunes. He accompanied himself on guitar in the spare, laconic style typical of the classic country singers, who preferred to “speak the words out plain” rather than do something fancy that might detract from the story they were telling in song.
Thomas Edison “Brownie” Ford died August 27, 1996.