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Marie Laveau

History

Marie Laveau was a free woman of color born in the French Quarter of New Orleans. Laveau assumed the leadership role of a multiracial religious community for which she gave consultations and held ceremonies. During her time, she was known as "The Priestess of the Voudous"; among many other colorful titles.

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Preservation Hall

Music

New Orleans's Preservation Hall is a traditional jazz music venue in the French Quarter and the historic center of a worldwide revival of traditional New Orleans jazz.

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Knute Heldner

Art

Swedish-born artist Knute Heldner emigrated to the United States where he split his time between Duluth, Minnesota and New Orleans.

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George Castleden

Art

Best known for his paintings of New Orleans's French Quarter architecture, itinerant artist George Frederick Castleden held exhibitions in the courtyard of the Cabildo.

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Edgar Degas

Art

French impressionist painter Edgar Degas stayed with his Creole relatives in 1872 and 1873, and did some of his important works in New Orleans.

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Brass Bands of New Orleans

Music

The brass band has come to represent the distinctiveness of New Orleans, most notably in the African-American cultural traditions of the jazz funeral and the second line parade.

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Lyle Saxon

Literature

Lyle Saxon published articles, short stories, books of creative nonfiction, and one novel; he also directed the Louisiana branch of the Federal Writers Project.

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Michael P. Smith

Art

The subjects of New Orleans photographer Michael P. Smith's works include the New Orleans Jazz and Heritage Festival, individual musicians, brass bands, jazz funerals, social aid and pleasure club parades, and spiritual churches.

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Southern Art Union

Art

Established in 1880, the Southern Art Union organized southern artists, especially those in New Orleans, to promote an appreciation for the fine arts.

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Art and Letters

Art

The journal "Art and Letters" played a significant role in the development of the late-nineteenth-century New Orleans arts community.

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Irish in New Orleans

History

The influence of Irish immigrants in New Orleans can still be seen in the Irish Channel neighborhood, St. Patrick's Day celebrations and churches such as St. Alphonsus.

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Roark Bradford

Literature

Roark Bradford was a writer and editor for The Times-Picayune and the author of numerous articles, stories, and books in the 1920s and 30s.

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Eliza Ripley

Literature

Eliza Ripley recounts life in antebellum Louisiana, focusing on the habits and customs of typical upper-class New Orleans households.

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Ellis Marsalis

Music

Modern jazz pianist and leading jazz educator Ellis Marsalis is probably best known as the father of trumpeter Wynton Marsalis and saxophonist Branford Marsalis, both internationally acclaimed modern jazz artists.

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Battle of New Orleans

History

The Battle of New Orleans, fought on January 8, 1815, was the culmination of a monthlong series of skirmishes between US and British forces in southern Louisiana; it was the final major engagement of the War of 1812.

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New Orleans Blue Books

History

Blue Books is the common name given to the various published directories of female prostitutes and houses of prostitution in Storyville, New Orleans' legally designated red-light district.

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Birdman

Music

Bryan"Baby" Williams, more widely known by the stage name Birdman, is a Grammy-nominated rapper and record-label executive from New Orleans. Co-founder of the famed New Orleans recording company Cash Money Records.

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Boyd Cruise

Art

Alvyk Boyd Cruise was a multitalented artist and historian in New Orleans during the mid-twentieth century.

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New Orleans City Park

Architecture

One of the largest urban parks in the United States, New Orleans' City Park is home to many cultural and recreational attractions including the New Orleans Museum of Art, the Botanical Garden, golf courses, tennis courts, City Bark dog park, Tad Gormley stadium, and several lagoons.

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Joe Robichaux

Music

Traditional jazz and early rhythm and blues pianist Joe Robichaux may be best remembered as bandleader of the New Orleans Rhythm Boys.

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Ken Colyer

Music

Born in England, Ken Colyer was nonetheless a catalytic figure in the Traditional New Orleans Jazz Revivial which began in the late 1940s.

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Audio Files

Battle Of New Orleans

Music

An excerpt of "The Battle of New Orleans," which was a major hit for Johnny Horton. The song describes the 1815 Battle of New Orleans from the perspective of an American soldier. Written by Jimmie Driftwood, an Arkansas school principal, it reached #1 on the Billboard Hot 100 during 1959.

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Images

Archbishopric in New Orleans

Architecture

Richard Koch took this photograph of the Archbishopric building, located at 1114 Chartres Street in New Orleans, for the Historic American Building Survey (HABS). During the Great Depression, HABS workers inventoried and documented historic buildings around the state.

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“The Massacre at New Orleans”

Art, History

Editorial cartoonist Thomas Nast created this representation of the July 30, 1866 riot in New Orleans. During this conflict, former Confederates attempted to take control of the state government away radical Republicans.

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1815 Map of New Orleans

Art, History

This map, drawn a few weeks after the Battle of New Orleans in 1815, identifies the placement of American and British encampments on plantations along the Mississippi River and delineates all the other waterways important to the battle. The map was drawn by Maunsel White, an Irish immigrant who helped defend the city under Gen. Andrew Jackson's command.

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Salary Schedule for New Orleans Teachers

History

This table from 1942 outlines the difference in pay African American teachers earned compared to their white counterparts. The NAACP filed suit on behalf of the African American teachers in the case McKelpin v. Orleans Parish School Board, successfully securing equal pay for equal work.

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Battle of New Orleans

Art, History

A dramatic battle scene depicts red-coated British soldiers storming the American line on January 8, 1815. Jackson and two other mounted officers are surveying the defenses, and an artillery crew prepares to fire in the foreground. The sails of the USS Louisiana can be seen in the background, behind cheering American troops. Jackson's fortifications are erroneously shown as being constructed of cotton bales rather than earth and timbers.

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General Jackson At the Battle of New Orleans

History

Generations of Americans revered Andrew Jackson for his victory in the Battle of New Orleans. Patriotic portraits of Jackson remained popular through much of the nineteenth century, such as this lithograph, made eleven years after Jackson's death.

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The inauguration of Governor Nicholls on the balcony of St. Patrick’s Hall, New Orleans, January 8th, 1877

Government & Politics

This illustration depicts the January 1877 inauguration of Gov. Francis Nicholls at St. Patrick's Hall in New Orleans. Republicans contested the results of the election and meanwhile swore in their own candidate as governor. Nicholls was eventually named the victor as part of the Compromise of 1877, which also settled the contested presidential election and effectively ended Reconstruction. In 1891 St. Patrick's Hall housed the city's Criminal Court and was the site of the infamous trial of a group of Italian men accused of assassinating Police Chief David Hennessy. When the trial ended without any convictions, a mob broke into the jail and lynched 11 Italian prisoners.

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New Orleans Gas Company

Architecture

An 1873 engraving depicting the New Orleans Gas Company building designed by James Freret in about 1871 and located in the 200 block of Baronne Street in the Central Business District at the corner of Common. It was torn down in 1929.

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Old New Orleans

Art

Born in Hahnville, Clarence Millet opened a studio in the French Quarter and became an active and respected member of the arts community.

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New Orleans Harbor

Art

Englishman George F. Castleden settled in New Orleans in 1921 and applied his distinctly European artistic training to subjects ranging from people to buildings and landscapes, such as "New Orleans Harbor" (1934).

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View of the New Orleans

Art

John Bachman created this lithograph with watercolor, "View of the New-Orleans," showing the Mississippi River's crescent turn filled with steamboats and sailing ships, ca. 1851. Leon Auguste Asselineau was the lithographer and August Bry made the print.

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Battle of New Orleans

Art

During the Battle of New Orleans, First Louisiana Militia engineer Jean-Hyacinthe Laclotte sketched the action on the battlefield at Chalmette plantation. From these drawings he developed a composition titled "View of the Battle of New Orleans" (1815), believed to be the most accurate depiction of the clash between British Redcoats and American troops under the command of Gen. Andrew Jackson.

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New Orleans City View

Art

French-born artist Richard Clague's oil-on-canvas painting, "New Orleans City View," allows viewers a glimpse of the city's look in 1868.

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Sunrise 9th Ward New Orleans, 40 Days and 40 Nights

Art

Most of photographer Donn Young’s lifetime’s work was destroyed due to flood waters from Hurricane Katrina inundating his New Orleans studio in 2005. Undaunted by the loss, Young documented the devastation wrought by the storm, including this scene he titled Sunrise, 9th Ward, New Orleans, part of his “40 Days and 40 Nights” series.

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A view of New Orleans taken from the plantation of Marigny

Art

New Orleans port scene looking up the Mississippi River across Marigny and the Vieux Carre; Marigny plantation garden and sawmill with stacked lumber in the foreground, with people walking along the streets and animals grazing; many ships docked at the levee and buildings including the spires of St. Louis Cathedral visible in background; across the cloudy sky is an eagle with a banner reading, "Under My Wings Every Thing Prospers." American flag flying from one structure probably in honor of the just-completed Louisiana Purchase. This illustration is considered the first art depicting the city of New Orleans.

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New Orleans

Art

"New Orleans" is an 1885 painting by artist William Aiken Walker. With his chin resting on a sugarcane stalk, a barefoot African American man stands in front of bales of cotton stacked high on a New Orleans wharf. Oil on brass.

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French Quarter, New Orleans

Art

Louis Oscar Griffith produced a series of prints from a visit to New Orleans which was one stop among his world travels. "French Quarter, New Orleans" is an aquatint etching.

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Spanish Cabildo and Stocks, New Orleans

Art

Ardent preservationist and prolific artist William Woodward successfully advocated for the preservation of the Cabildo, depicted in the Rafaelli oil crayon on board "Spanish Cabildo and Stocks, New Orleans." The building became the Louisiana State Museum in 1911, and the stocks are no longer in existence.

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New Orleans Dock Scene

Art

Mississippi transplant John McCrady established himself as one of the best-known southern artists during the first half of the twentieth-century, and was particularly recognized for his paintings of African Americans, such as in this oil painting "New Orleans Dock Scene."

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U.S. Custom House, New Orleans

Architecture

The fifty-five-foot-high Marble Hall is illuminated by a large skylight. This room of the the US Custom House in New Orleans, with its fourteen marble columns, is recognized as one of the finest examples of the Greek revival style. This photograph shows how Custom House offices were configured ca. 1900.

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Big Blue (Industrial Canal, New Orleans)

Art

Simon Ben Patterson Gunning has gained a considerable following for his gritty paintings of the New Orleans riverfront and Mississippi River delta. This oil painting, made in 2001, is titled "Big Blue (Industrial Canal, New Orleans).

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New Orleans Wiggle

Music

Talented cornetist Peter Bocage wrote music for the popular society orchestra led by A. J. Piron in New Orleans. This photograph shows a copy of sheet music titled "New Orleans Wiggle" and signed by Piron.

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New Orleans Philharmonic Symphony Orchestra

Music

Artist Boyd Cruise designed this program cover in 1952 for the seventeenth subscription concert of the New Orleans Philharmonic Symphony, showing images of buildings in the Vieux Carré, including the Paul Morphy House (Brennan's Restaurant), Madame John's Legacy, the Cabildo, the Old Absinthe House, the Louisiana State Bank, the Andrew Jackson Monument and other structures. The musical director was Alexander Hilsberg.

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New Orleans Philharmonic Symphony Orchestra

Music

Charles Henry Reinike created the design for this poster depicting a section of the terracotta exterior of the Orpheum Theatre, built in 1919, and the home of the New Orleans Symphony. The original artwork was executed in 1982 by the artist in honor of the symphony's opening concert at its new home

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Harbor of New Orleans

Art

Captain William Lindsay Challoner, mariner for the Morgan Shipping line, painted "Harbor of New Orleans" in 1884. Challoner was also an avid sailor.

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Slave Quarters and Stairway, Cabildo, New Orleans

Architecture, Art

Indiana-born Joseph "Pops" Whitesell achieved international peer recognition over the course of his photography career. His subjects ranged from architecture to portraiture, embracing common subjects and society figures. He made "Slave Quarters and Starway, Cabildo, New Orleans..." in 1940.

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Flooding in the Lower Ninth Ward of New Orleans

History

The Lower Ninth Ward of New Orleans was severely flooded by Hurricane Betsy, as depicted in this National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration photograph. A US Naval Air Reserve Sikorsky SH-34 Seabat helicopter from the Naval Air Station in New Orleans is visible above.

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New Orleans after Hurricane Betsy

History

A passenger on Air Force One made this aerial photograph showing floodwaters covering the New Orleans's Lower Ninth Ward on September 10, 1965, one day after Hurricane Betsy made landfall. The Mississippi River can be seen in the top left corner of the photograph. President Lyndon Johnson arrived in the city within hours of the storm's passing.

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Shushan Airport, New Orleans, LA

Architecture

The reverse side of this promotional postcard reads "This airport, declared by aviation authorities to be the finest in the world, was built on Lake Pontchartrain, New Orleans, on land which came from the lake bottom, at a cost of $3,500,000. Longest dimension 5,400 feet. Serves both land and seaplanes."

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Plan of New Orleans

Art

Louis Lucien Pessour, a free black artist, created this plan of New Orleans c. 1860. It shows the distinct boundary lines between the city's wards, as well as railroad lines, ferries, and canals.

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View of Jackson Square, New Orleans

Architecture

This lithograph, an image of Jackson Square, was originally reproduced at the firm of Louis Lucien Pessou, and Benedict Simon, founded in 1854. The St. Louis Cathedral, The Cabildo, The Presbytere, and the Pontalba Buildings are all visible.

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Jung Hotel, New Orleans

Architecture

A black-and-white photograph of the Jung Hotel on Canal Street in New Orleans, taken between 1979 and 1983, by Charles L. Franck, Photographers. The Jung Hotel was designed by the architectural firm Weiss, Dreyfous, and Seiferth.

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Shushan Airport, New Orleans

Architecture

A black-and-white architectural rendering of the Shushan Airport at the lakefront of Lake Pontchartrain in New Orleans. The airport is now known as the Lakefront Airport. The terminal was designed by Louisiana architectural firm Weiss, Dreyfous, and Seiferth in art deco design. The airport opened in 1934 and is still in operation today as the Lakefront Airport.

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Videos

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Magazine Articles

The Superdome: From Dream to Reality

Fall 2015, Magazine

In his new book, "Mayor Victor Schiro: New Orleans in Transition, 1961-1970," author Edward Haas examines Schiro’s role in the establishment of the Louisiana Superdome and the mayor’s negotiations with Governor John McKeithen, who championed the investment of state funds for the New Orleans stadium

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Ha

Fall 2018, Magazine, NOLA 300 Music

The video for Juvenile's hit shows a community that was often ignored, despite the enormous contributions it was destined to make to popular music and culture in the United States

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